What are Terpenes?

Terpenes are compounds that bind with fat to cross the blood-brain barrier. They can be found in flowers, spices, fruits, and vegetables, and are key to the production of essential oils. The role of terpenes in nature is to defend plants from attacks by creatures ranging from tiny fungi, insects, and pests, to large grazing animals. Terpenes determine the taste and aroma of a cultivar.

Common terpenes​ in medical marijuana products

Each terpene has a unique set of properties. Some of the most commonly utilized for medical marijuana patients are linalool for relaxation​, limonene and myrcene for their anti-inflammatory and antiseptic​ properties, and pinene for pain relief.

Limonene

Effects include stress relief, improved absorption of terpenes and other chemicals, and relief from heartburn and gastric reflux. Limonene also has antifungal and antibacterial properties.

Limonene is added to many everyday items, like cosmetics and cleaning products.

Linalool

Linalool is known for its soothing effects, noteably reducing stress, lessening anxiety, and relieving depression. It also has anti-inflammatory, anti-epileptic, sedative, and analgesic (pain-relieving) properties.

Linalool is found in many flowers and spices, such as lavender and coriander.

Pinene

Pinene has analgesic (pain-relieving), anti-anxiety, and anti-inflammatory properties. It is a bronchodilator, meaning that it helps to open airways. Pinene can improve short-term memory.

Pinene is the most common terpene in the natural world.

Caryophyllene

Properties of caryophyllene include anti-inflammatory, analgesic (pain-relieving), anti-anxiety, and antidepressant. There is evidence to support that this terpene reduces cravings for alcohol.

Caryophyllene is commonly used in topical medical marijuana products.

Myrcene

Myrcene is the most common terpene found in cannabis. Its effects are antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic (pain-relieving), sedative, and antimutagenic.

Myrcene is naturally synergistic with THC, and allows cannabinoids to more easily bridge the blood-brain barrier.

Eucalyptol

Eucalyptol, also called Cineol, has antifungal, analgesic (pain-relieving), and anti-inflammatory properties. It may help with sinus infections, and decreases blood pressure.

Eucalyptol improves cognitive function for those with dementia.

Humulene

Humulene is used primarily for its analgesic (pain-relieving), anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial properties. It is sometimes used as an appetite suppressant.

Humulene shares a chemical formula and similar aroma with β-caryophyllene, but the two differ in structure.

Cannabis-Derived vs.
Botanical-Derived Terpenes

Cannabis-Derived Terpenes

Cannabis-derived terpenes (CDT) are extracted from various cultivars of the cannabis plant.

Pros of Cannabis-Derived Terpenes

  • There are 200+ terpenes in the cannabis plant
  • Different cultivars (strains) have different concentrations of terpenes
  • Cannabinoids (CBD, CBN, THC, etc.) and other components of the cannabis plant, in combination with naturally-occurring terpenes, create the Entourage Effect

 

Cons of Cannabis-Derived Terpenes

  • Extraction is difficult and inefficient
  • CDT isolates can be very expensive
  • CDT profiles will vary from batch to batch

Botanical-Derived Terpenes

Botanical-derived terpenes (BDT) are extracted from other herbs, spices, flowers, etc.

Pros of Botanical-Derived Terpenes

  • There are 20K+ known terpenes
  • Extraction is more cost effective, and greater availability of non-cannabis plant matter allows for more flexibility to create new terpene combinations
  • More consistent than batch-specific terpenes

 

Cons of Botanical-Derived Terpenes

  • High-quality BDTs are difficult to find
  • There is a limited number of practitioners with the knowledge and experience to put together individual patient formulations

Supplemental Resources

Medical Marijuana Awareness Webinars

Weekly education events, live from your phone or computer!

CBD for You & Your Pet

Weds. August 31, 6pm EST

Ketamine for Pain & Mental Health

Weds. September 7, 6pm EST

Medical Marijuana 101

Weds. September 14, 6pm EST

Anxiety, Stress, & Medical Marijuana

Weds. September 21, 6pm EST

Improving Sleep with Medical Marijuana

Weds. September 28, 6pm EST

CBD for You & Your Pet

Weds. October 5, 6pm EST

Dosing with Medical Marijuana

Weds. October 12, 6pm EST

Managing Pain with Medical Marijuana

Weds. October 19, 6pm EST

Athletes: The Benefits of CBD & Medical Marijuana

Weds. October 26, 6pm EST

Know Your Options: How Patients Consume Medical Cannabis

Weds. November 2, 6pm EST

Cancer & Medical Marijuana

Weds. November 9, 6pm EST

Upcoming In-Person Events

Free admission. Limited seating.

Medical Marijuana for Anxiety, Stress, & Pain Management

The Waterfront Inn at Lake Sumter, The Villages, FL

WED. NOVEMBER 16

MEDICAL MARIJUANA AWARENESS WEBINARS

Weekly education events, live from your phone or computer!

CBD for You & Your Pet

WED. AUGUST 31, 6PM EST
ft. Dr. Tony Ferrari and My Botanica Wellness

Ketamine for Pain & Mental Health

WED. SEPTEMBER 7, 6PM EST
ft. Turner Davis, New Horizon Infusion Clinics

Medical Marijuana 101:
Basics & Terminology

WED. SEPTEMBER 14, 6PM EST
ft. MÜV by Verano

Anxiety, Stress, & Medical Marijuana

WED. SEPTEMBER 21, 6PM EST
ft. MÜV by Verano

Improving Sleep with Medical Marijuana

WED. SEPTEMBER 28, 6PM EST
ft. Dr. Greg Holt and Trulieve‘s Dr. Terel Newton

CBD for You & Your Pet

WED. OCTOBER 5, 6PM EST
ft. Dr. Tony Ferrari and My Botanica Wellness

Dosing with Medical Marijuana

WED. OCTOBER 12, 6PM EST
ft. MÜV by Verano

Managing Pain with Medical Marijuana

WED. OCTOBER 19, 6PM EST
ft. Dr Terel Newton, Trulieve

Athletes: The Benefits of CBD & Medical Marijuana

WED. OCTOBER 26, 6PM EST
ft. Dr. Tony Ferrari and Trulieve‘s Dr. Terel Newton

Know Your Options: How Patients Consume Medical Cannabis

WED. NOVEMBER 2, 6PM EST
ft. MÜV by Verano

Cancer & Medical Marijuana

WED. NOVEMBER 9, 6PM EST
ft. Dr. Terel Newton, Trulieve

Upcoming
In-Person Seminars

Free admission. Limited seating.

Medical Marijuana for Anxiety,
Stress, & Pain Management

The Waterfront Inn at Lake Sumter
The Villages, Florida

WED. NOVEMBER 16

RSVP to Session A,
9:30AM to Noon

RSVP to Session B,
1:30PM to 4PM

Check out videos and resources from past webinars

Suggest a topic for future events